Sun Quan's biography from Sanguozhi.

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Sun Quan's biography from Sanguozhi.

Unread postby Anthony_Yang » Mon Feb 06, 2012 6:34 pm

I used to see English translation of Sun Quan's biography from Record of the Three Kingdoms (Sanguozhi) long time ago. Now, I found that the link was already dead. Luckily, I had saved whole letters of the translation at those time. I think that it might be useful to drop here again, otherwise it probably die with the external link.

I couldn't remember the translator's name. In case of knowing his/her name, please give him/her a credit by post here.
Last edited by Anthony_Yang on Mon Feb 06, 2012 7:21 pm, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Sun Quan's biography from Sanguozhi.

Unread postby Anthony_Yang » Mon Feb 06, 2012 6:45 pm

Sun Quan was styled Zhongmou. His elder brother [Sun] Ce had already taken many regions by the time [Sun] Quan was 15 and (he) served as Chief of Yangxian. The region examined Xiaolian (T1) and the province elected him Maocai. He became Colonel Who Respects Righteousness. The Han [Dynasty] used [Sun] Ce to serve office and send tribute. They sent envoy Liu Wan to add Xitan. [Liu] Wan told the people, "I have looked well the brothers Sun, and they are all clever and perspicacious, but none of them have the very ultimate degree of good fortune. Only the second, Sun Quan, has the look of a deep thinker. His face is remarkable, and his build unusual and he has the look of one who will come to great honor."

In the 4th year of Jian An [199], he followed [Sun] Ce to attack the Grand Administer of Lu Jiang, Liu Xun. [Liu] Xun was defeated and he advanced to attack Huang Zu in Shaxian. In the 5th year [200], [Sun] Ce died. He gave his power and affairs to [Sun] Quan. [Sun] Quan cried and did not give interest to affairs. [Sun] Ces Chief Clerk Zhang Zhao spoke to Quan, "孝廉,此寧哭時邪?且周公立法而伯禽不師,非欲 違父,時不得行也。況今奸宄競逐,豺狼滿道,乃欲哀親戚,顧禮制,是猶開門而揖盜,未可以為仁也" This changed [Sun] Quan to put on his garm, send out messengers, and come out to make his rounds. At this time he only had control of Kuaiji, Wujun, Yunzhang, Danyang, and Luyang 然深險之地猶未盡從,而天下英豪布在州郡,賓旅寄寓之士以安危去 就為意, 未有君臣之固。Zhang Zhao and Zhou Yu together spoke of [Sun] Quan saying that he can certainly complete the great cause [started by Sun Ce]. It so happened that indeed it was (in) his heart and he took up garm and affairs. Duke Cao asked for [Sun] Quan to be appointed General Who Punished Bandits and Grand Administer of Kuaiji. He treated Zhang Zhao like a master and gave him gifts as well as (appointing) Zhou Yu, Cheng Pu, and Lu Fan to serve as generals. He recruited Yan Jun and began searching for scholars to hire such as Lu Su and Zhuge Jin. He divided the troops among many generals and went to suppress the Shanyue. He sent a punitive expedition but (he) did not follow.

In the 7th year [202], [Sun] Quans mother, Lady Wu, died.

In the 8th year [203], he went west on an expedition against Huang Zu. He defeated his navy and only the city did not fall but mountain bandits again rose up. [Sun] Quan returned to prepare and sent Lu Fan to pacify Poyang(Kuaiji) and Cheng Pu on a punitive expedition to Yuean. Grand Clerk (taishi) of Linghai lost conscious and Han Dang, Lu Meng, and Zhou Tai served to create order in Ju region.

In the 9th year [204], [Sun] Quans younger brother [Sun] Yi, the Grand Administer of Danyang caused a calamity so [Sun Quan] replaced him with Xiong Yu. In the 10th year [205], [Sun] Quan sent He Qi on a punitive expedition to Shangrao and to serve, build up, and pacify Jian Ping region.

In the 12th year [207], he attacked Huang Zu in the west. He took his people captive and returned.

In the 13th year [208], [Sun] Quan again attacked Huang Zu. At first [Huang] Zu sent his navy to resist the army, but Chief Commandant Lu Meng broke his front. Ling Tong and Dong Xi attacked him and took his city. [Huang] Zu, rather than die, fled. Riders pursued him and took his head. They took captive several tens of thousands people. Also, that year [Sun Quan] sent He Qi on a punitive expedition to Yi and She. He was to divide She into Shexin, Xinding, Liyang, Xiuyang, and to use the 6 regions to serve as Xindu county. The Jingzhou Governor Liu Biao died. Lu Su asked to be sent to receive [Liu] Biaos two sons and to observe any changes. [Lu] Su did not arrive in time and Duke Cao had already arrived in the territory. [Liu] Biaos son [Liu] Zong elected to surrender. Liu Bei desired to cross the Jiang River. [Lu] Su met with him and passed on [Sun] Quans intentions. He observed [Liu Bei] be defeated. [Liu] Bei advanced to dwell in Xiakou and sent messenger Zhuge Liang to [Sun] Quan. [Sun] Quan dispatched Tong Yu and Cheng Pu as well. At this time Duke Cao had newly obtained [Liu] Biaos forces and the circumstances were looking very favorably. Many discussed this and took this news with fear. Many advised [Sun] Quan to welcome him. Only [Zhou] Yu and [Lu] Su thought to resist him. [Sun] Quan took their advice. [Zhou] Yu and [Cheng] Pu served as left and right commanders and each was given 10,000 troops. They took part with [Liu] Bei to meet with Duke Cao at Chi Bi and greatly defeated his army. The Duke(Cao Cao) burned his remaining ships and led his retreat. Due to starvation and epidemic more than half perished. [Liu] Bei and [Zhou] Yu pursued to Nanjun. Duke Cao forthwith returned north and left Cao Ren and Xu Huang in Jiang Ling. He sent Yue Jin to guard Xiang Yang. When Gan Ning was at Yiling, Cao Ren came and surrounded him. They used Lu Mengs ruse and left Ling Tong to resist Cao Ren while [Lu] Meng led his half to rescue [Gan] Ning. The army was victorious. [Sun] Quan himself attacked He Fei and sent Zhang Zhao to attack Dangtu in Jiu Jiang. [Zhang] Zhao could not gain an advantage. [Sun] Quan attacked the city walls for more than a month but could not take them. Duke Cao upon returning from Jingzhou sent Zhang Xi to He Fei. Before he arrived, [Sun] Quan withdrew.

In the 14th year [209], [Zhou] Yu and [Cao] Ren had been guarding for over a year and very many had been killed and injured. [Cao] Ren gave up the city and fled. [Sun] Quan used [Zhou] Yu to serve as Grand Administer of Nanjun. Liu Bei recommended [Sun] Quan as General of the Chariots and Cavalry and the Governor of Xuzhou. [Liu] Bei became the Governor of Jingzhou and stationed troops at Gong An.

In the 15th year [210], Yuzhang commandary was divided into Poyang [and Yuzhang] and Changsha was divided into Hanchang [and Changsha]. He had Lu Su serve as Grand Administer [of Hanchang] and station soldiers at Lukou.

In the 16th year [211], [Sun] Quan moved his capitol to Moling.

In the next year [212], the city was built up with stone and was changed from Moling to Jian Ye. When he heard that Duke Cao planned to invade in the future he had a wall built up at Ruxu.

In the 1st month of the 18th year [213], Cao Cao attacked RuXu. Sun Quan resisted for a month. Cao Cao looked at Quans army organization, sighed respectfully and retreated. Before this, when Cao Cao was at Qiao, he was afraid the people of the commanderies along the Yangzi would suffer from raiding by Sun Quan. He planned to bring them closer, Then people did become frightened, and more than one hundred thousand households from Lujiang, Jiujiang, Qichun and Guangling went east across the Yangzi, so the territory west of the river was abandoned. South from Hefei there was only Huan city.

In the 5th month of the 19th year [215], [Sun] Quan attacked Wan Cheng. In there intercalary month he subdued the city. Lu Jiang Grand Adminstrator Zhu Guang and Advisor to the Army Dong He. Men and women numbered in the tens of thousands. Also in that year, Liu Bei took Shu [Yizhou]. [Sun] Quan, once [Liu] Bei obtained Yizhou, sent Zhuge Jin to request Jingzhou Region. [Liu] Bei did not allow saying, I wish to take Liangzhou. Once I have obtained Liangzhou I will have no use for Jingzhou and can give it to Wu. [Sun] Quan said, This is borrowing without returning! He just wants to gain time through empty excuses. He forthwith installed officials for the three southern prefectures. Guan Yu chased them out. Sun Quan was very angry so he sent Lu Meng with Yu Dan, Yu Zhong, and Sun Gui with 20,000 troops to take Changsha, Lingling, and Guiyong. He sent Lu Su with 10,000 troops to station at Baqiu to defend against Guan Yu. [Sun] Quan stationed at Lukou and supervised Army protocols and standards. [Lu] Meng arrived and two regions submitted. Only the Grand Administer of Lingling Hao Pu did not. It happened that [Liu] Bei arrived in Gongan and sent Guan Yu with 30,000 troops to go to Yiyang. [Sun] Quan thereupon sumoned [Lu] Meng to return to assist [Lu] Su. [Lu] Meng sent people to trick [Hao] Pu, and he surrendered. He therefore took the three regions. He then led his troops to return to join with Sun Jiao and Pan Zhang to merge with Lu Su forces to resist Guan Yu at Yiyang. Before there was a battle, Duke Cao entered Han Zhong and Liu Bei feared he would lose Yizhou. He sent a messenger requesting peace. He sent Zhuge Jin to accept and to furthermore form goodwill. Jingzhou was thereupon divided with Changsha, Jiangxia and Guiyong in the east belonging to [Sun] Quan and Nanjun, Lingling, and Wuling in the west belonging to [Liu] Bei. [Liu] Bei returned but Duke Cao had already left. [Sun] Quan from Lukou attacked He Fei. He Fei did not fall and he led the troops to return. The soldiers had all aready started to pull away and Sun Quan with Ling Tong and Gan Ning were located north of the river when Wei General Zhang Liao raided them. [Ling] Tong almost died and [Sun] Quan used his steed to jump the bridge to saftey.

In the 21st year [217], winter, Duke Cao moved to Ju Chao and forthwith attacked Ruxu.

In the 22nd year [218], spring, [Sun] Quan ordered Xu Xiang to go to Duke Cao to ask to surrender. The Duke(Cao Cao) announced that he wanted to cultivate good will and arranged a marriage between the two families.

In the 10th month of the 23rd year [219], A general under Sun Quan was in the territories of Wu hunting for tigers while riding a horse in Cheng Ting. However, his horse was injured after it got bitten by a tiger. Sun Quan, who was present, immediately hurled halberds (at the tiger) to rescue his man. The tiger fled after it was hurt. A personal bodyguard named Zhang Shi used a flat-headed halberd to attack the tiger and successfully overpowered the animal.

In the 24th year [220], Guan Yu surrounded Cao Ren at Xiang Yang. Duke Cao dispatched General of the Left Yu Jin to assist him. It happened that the Han River overflowed and [Guan] Yu used a boat to capture [Yu] Jin. He marched and rode 30,000 troops to Jiang Ling. Only the city walls did not fall. On the inside, [Sun] Quan feared [Guan] Yu, but on the outside he considered him a great hero. He had a letter from Duke Cao asking him to attack [Guan] Yu. Duke Cao furthermore wanted to send a messenger to [Guan] Yu so that he would fight with [Sun] Quan. Duke Cao passed on [Sun] Quans letter and it was passed from Cao Ren by crossbow to [Guan] Yu. [Guan] Yu hesitated but did not leave. In the intercalary month, [Sun] Quan attacked [Guan] Yu. At first he sent Lu Meng to take Gong An and take captive Shi Ren. [Lu] Meng arrived at Nanjun and the Grand Administer of Nanjun, Mi Fang, surrendered. He treated the old and weak kindly and he released Yu Jin. Liu Xun departed to take Yidu and captured Zigui, Zhi Jiang, Yidao, and returned to station soldiers at Yiling and guard Xiakou against [Liu] Beis Shu. Guan Yu returned to Dangyang to protect Mai City. [Sun] Quan sent a messenger to entice him. Guan Yu pretended to surrender, but he set pennons and flags on the wall to look like men and then fled away. All his soldiers had scattered and he had only 10 riders with him. Earlier [Sun] Quan had sent Zhu Ran and Pan Zhang to cut off all paths of retreat. In the 12th month, [Pan] Zhangs Major, Ma Zhong, captured [Guan] Yu with his son [Guan] Ping and Chief Controller Zhao Lei in Zhang County. He forthwith had complete control of Jingzhou. Also that year there was a great epidemic and [Sun Quan] did away with the Jingzhou land tax. Duke Cao recommended [Sun] Quan to be General of the Flying Cavalry. He was furthermore given Jie and the Governorship of Jingzhou and conferred as the Marquis of Nanchang. [Sun] Quan sent Colonel Liang Yu to send tribute to the Han and sent back Zhu Guang.

In the 1st month of the 25th year [221], spring, Duke Cao died. His heir apparent, [Cao] Pi replaced him as Prime Minister and King of Wei. He changed the year to Yan Kang. In autumn, Wei general Mei Fu sent a messenger to Zhang Jian to meet in Funa. From Nanyang yin, Zanzhu Yang, Shandu, Zhonglu, and 5 counties, people numbering 5,000 came. (In) Winter, Wei succeeded Han and the year was changed to Huang Chu.

In the 4th month of the 2nd year [222], Liu Bei became Emperor of Shu. Sun Quan moved his capitol from Gong An to Wu Chang. He therefore used Wu Chang, Xiazhi, Xunyang, Yangxin, Chaisang, and Shaxian to become Wu Chang Prefecture. In the 8th month, Sun Quan stationed himself at Wu Chang. He issued this edict to his generals: While living, we must not forget about the onset of destruction. In times of peace, we cannot disregard dangers from happening. This is a lesson taught by the Ancients. In the early days of the Han dynasty, a famous official called Jun Bu Yi never went without a weapon even during such peaceful times. This is to inform us that a gentleman must not be careless when it comes to martial matters. Moreover, we dwell among powerful enemies and in times when rabid wolves (ruthless men) prevail. How can we be slack in our attitudes and not consider the approach of hard times?" From Wei Wendi [Cao Pi] took the throne and Sun Quan sent a messenger with his praise. He also sent back Yu Jin. In the 11th month, an envoy to [Sun] Quan said, “Because you have given peace and comfort to the southeast and granted government to the lands beyond the Yangzi, so the people may follow their occupations in peace and none of them go astray; therefore we grant you the Great Carriage and the War Carriage, one of each, with Two Black Stallions. You have paid attention to the revenues of the state and you have encouraged farming, so the granaries and storehouses are filled to completion; therefore we grant you the Clothes and Bonnets of Honour, with Red Slippers to match. You reform the people by your virtue, and ceremony and teaching are brought to effect; therefore we grant you Suspended Musical Instruments to be displayed in your palace. You have propagated good customs among the people, and by your moral influence you have brought the many tribes of the Yue to submit; therefore we grant you the right to dwell behind Vermilion Doors. You have made best use of your talents and good judgement, and you give appointments to the just and worthy men; therefore we grant you the right to ascend the Inner Staircase. Your loyalty and bravery are displayed together, and you clear away and eliminate evil and vice; therefore we grant you One Hundred Warriors Rapid as Tigers. You have shown your authority far and wide, you have displayed your power in Jing and the south, you destroy and exterminate criminals and wrong-doers, and so the caitiffs are taken; therefore we grant you the Ceremonial Axe and the Battle Axe, one of each. You have given good government and peace within your territory, and your valour and good faith are shown abroad; therefore we grant you One Scarlet Bow with One Hundred Scarlet Arrows and Ten Black Bows with One Thousand Black Arrows. You have taken loyalty and respect as the basis for your conduct, and generosity and diligence are your virtues; therefore we grant you One Goblet of the Black Millet Herb-flavoured Liquor, with a Jade Libation Cup to match. (RdCres) 欽哉!敬敷訓典,以服朕命,以勖相我國家,永終爾顯烈。」” That year, Liu Bei came on a campaign to wushan and Zigui. He sent a messenger to the barbarians of Wuling to entice them to rise up with promises of ranks and riches. Thereupon all the peoples of the 5 creeks rose in rebellion to serve Shu. [Sun] Quan then used Lu Xun to serve as commander with commanders Zhu Ran and Pan Zhang to resist him. He also dispatched Zhao Zi to Wei. Wendi asked, What type of ruler is the King of Wu? [Zhao] Zi responded, He is Intelligent, clear-sighted, wise, brave, and perspicacious. The Emperor asked him to explain his statement. Zi said, He made use of Lu Su among the officials of high ranks, which shows his intelligence. He chose Lu Meng as leader of all armies, which showed his clear-sightedness. He captured Yu Jin but did not hurt him, which shows his kindliness. He took Jingzhou without slaughter, which shows his wisdom. He maintains the Three Rivers so as to command the respect of the empire, which shows his boldness. Lastly, he bows before Your Majesty, which shows his perspicacity.The Emperor wanted [Sun] Quans son [Sun] Deng as a hostage but [Sun] Quan thought he was too young. He sent a letter declining and again later sent an official, Shen Heng, to express his thanks and to offer just compensation. [Sun] Deng was set up as the Heir Apparent of the King.

In the 1st month of the 1st year of Huang Wu [222], Lu Xun and General of the Ministry Song Qian attack 5 Shu camps, defeat them everywhere, and behead his general. In the 3rd month there are rumors of a Yellow Dragon being seen in Poyang. Shus army seizes Xiande and stretches out 50 camps. Lu Xun waits and only resists him from the 1st month until the intercalary month then greatly defeats him. He follows and beheads men. Soldiers come to surrender numbering several tens of thousands. Liu Bei flees and just barely escapes. At first [Sun] Quan entrusted his external affairs with Wei, while his heart was not so. Wei wanted to loosen their borders and to send someone [Huan Jie] to take part and swear an oath [with Wu]. Furthermore they wanted a son as a hostage. [Sun] Quan did not permit and refused the proposal. In the 7th month, Wei thereupon sent Cao Xiu, Zhang Liao, and Zang Ba to go Dongkou; Cao Ren to go to RuXu; Cao Zhen, Xiahou Shang, Zhang He, and Xu Huang to surround Nanjun. [Sun] Quan dispatched Lu Fan to led 5 armies. He used his navy to resist Cao Xiu; Zhuge Jin, Pan Zhang, and Yang Can to save Nanjun; and Zhu Huan to use the RuXu army to resist [Cao] Ren. Also that year, there were many Yue and Man barbarians who were not pacified. The internal calamity had not stopped. Therefore [Sun] Quan submitted a letter asking for the severity to be lessened saying, If the crime is forgiven and eliminated, I will return the land and people. I ask that you let me retire to Jiaozhou and live out the rest of my daysWendi responded, “君生於擾攘之際,本有從橫之志,降身奉國,以享茲祚。自君策名已來,貢獻盈路。討備之功,國朝仰成。埋而掘之,古人之所恥。朕之與君,大義已定,豈樂勞師遠臨江漢?廊廟之議,王者所不得專;三公上君過失,皆有本末、朕以不明。雖有曾母投杼之疑,猶冀言者不信,以為國福。故先遣使者犒勞,又遣尚書、侍中踐修前言,以定任子。君遂設辭,不欲使進,議者怪之。又前都尉浩周勸君遣子,乃實朝臣交謀,以此卜君,君果有辭,外引隗囂遣子不終,內喻竇融守忠而已。世殊時異,人各有心。浩周之還,口陳指麾,益令議者發明眾嫌,終始之本,無所據杖,故遂俛仰從群臣議。今省上事,款誠深至,心用慨然,淒愴動容。即日下詔,敕諸軍但深溝高壘,不得妄進。If you would like to restore your vow of loyalty and remove any suspicion, when [Sun] Deng comes in the morning I will order my troops to withdraw that evening. 此言之誠,有如大江!” Sun Quan thus [declared himself independent and] changed the year and took to defending the river. In the 11th month there was a great wind. [Lu] Fans soldiers drowned number several thousand. The remaining army returned to Jiangnan. Cao Xie sent Zang Ba to take the several hundred light vessels to dare 10,000 men and attack Xuling. They burned the city walls and killed and plundered several thousand. Quan Cong and Zu Sheng pursue and behead the Wei general Yin Lu. They capture and kill several hundred. In the 12th month, [Sun] Quan sent taizhong daifu Zheng Quan to Liu Bei in Baidi and began diplomatic communications. Throughout this time there were communications between Wendi and Sun Quan until the next year when they were cut short. Also that year, Yiling was changed to be called Xiling.

In the 1st month of the 2nd year [223], Cao Zhen split his force to take Jiangling in the middle of the province. In the 3rd month Cao Ren dispatched General Cheng Diao to take 5,000 men in light vessels to cross to RuXu. [Cao] Rens son [Cao] Tai, guided the army to quickly attack Zhu Huan but [Zhu] Huans soldiers resisted him. He sent General Yan Gui to route [Cheng] Diao. In that month, all Wei armies retreated. In the 4th month, [Sun] Quans officials urged him to honor himself and become Emperor but he did not. Liu Bei died in Baidi. In the 5th month, Gan Lu surrendered. Early, a general guarding Xikou, killed Wang Zhi and rebelled to Wei. Wei used him to serve as Grand Administer of Qichun and he frequently raided the border. In the 6th month, [Sun] Quan ordered He Qi, Mi Fang, and Liu Shao to take Qichun. [Liu] Shao took [Jin] Zong captive. In the 10th month, Shu sent Prefect of the Gentleman of the Household Deng Ai to Wu.

In the summer of the 3rd year [224], Prefect of the Gentleman of the Household Who Supports Rightousness, Zhang Wen (was sent) as an emissary to Shu. In the 8th month, he pardons his faults. In the 9th month, Wendi came out to GuangLing and overlooked the great river [and saw Xu Shengs wall] and said, Where are all those men? We cannot plan. He thereupon retreated.

In the 5th month of the 4th year [225], Prime Minister Sun Shao died. In the 6th month, Grand Master of Ceremonies, Gu Yong, became the new Prime Minster. In the 12th month, a Poyang bandit, Peng Qi rose and called himself a general attacking several districts with several tens of thousands of men. That year there was an earthquake.

In the 5th year [226], there was a decree to be lenient and help the refuges of the north with agricultural reforms. The army flourishes but the people leave their farms. Fathers, sons, husbands, and wives, do not listen to each others pity. They are orphaned really. Now the North captures then and they try to flee. Outside of there they are in under [our] state. They will be used leniently. At this time Lu Xun used Shao Valley to follow the order. He used many generals to expand the agriculture by the acres. [Sun] Quan announced, This is very good. Now fathers and sons can receive farm land. They will get 8 oxen to serve as 4 pairs. Now they will desire to take part together to work it.In the 7th month, [Sun] Quan heard that Weis Wendi [Cao Pi] died and thus attacked Jiangxia and besieged Shiyang. He could not overcome and withdrew. In the Cangwu there were rumors of a sighting of a Phoenix [Fenghuang]. Three prefectures were split and using 10 districts a Dongan prefecture was made. Quan Cong served as the Grand Administer and went on a punitive expedition against the Shanyue. That year, Jiaozhou was divided into Guangzhou [and Jiaozhou].

In the 1st month of the 5th year [227], Peng Qi was captured. In the intercalary month, Han Dangs son [Han] Zong brought his force to surrender to Wei.

In the 3rd month of the 7th year [228], [Sun] Lu was endeoffed as the Marquis of Jianchang. The prefecture of Dongan was suspended. In the 5th month, the Grand Administer of Poyang faked rebellion to entice Wei general Cao Xiu. In the 8th month, [Sun] Quan arrived in Wankou and dispatched general Lu Xun to command various generals to greatly defeat [Cao] Xiu at Shiting. The Commander-in-Chief Lu Fan died. Also that year Hepu commandary was changed to Nanguan commandary.

In the 1st year of Huang Long [229], summer, the ministers of [Sun] Quan urged him to take the throne. In the 4th month there were sightings of a Yellow Dragon [Huang Long] and a Phoenix in Xiakou and Wuchang. Bingshen, [Sun Quan] rightfully took the throne. The year was changed [to Huang Long] and he honored his father, the General Who Captured Insurgents, [Sun] Jian, as Wu Lie Huang Di [Martially Glorious Emperor] and his mother Lady Wu to be Wu Lie Wu Huang Huo [Martially Glorious Empress]. His elder brother [Sun] Ce was made King of Changsha. The Heir Apparent to the King of Wu was made so to the Emperor of Wu. Many officials were granted nobility and given gifts. In the 6th month, Colonels Zhang Gang and Guan Du were dispatched to Liaodong. In the 6th month Shu dispatched Commandant of the Guards Chen Zhen to welcome [Sun] Quan to the throne. [Sun] Quan thereupon took part in dividing the land under Heaven. Yu, Xu, Qing, and You would belong to Wu and Liang, Ji, Bing, and Yan would belong to Shu. They would split Sili with Han valley as the boundary. They then swore and oath of loyalty. In the 9th month, [Sun] Quan moved the capitol to Jian Ye. He had built it up. He put Grand General-in-Chief Lu Xun to assist the Heir Apparent [Sun] Deng and in charge of Wuchang affairs.

In the 1st month of the 2nd year [230], Wei built a new city at He Fei. There was an Imperial Order to set up sacrifice, and to have education for all sons. Generals Wei Wen and Zhuge Zhi were dispatched to gather 10,000 men to cross the ocean to Yizhou and Danzhou. Danzhou was located in the middle of the Ocean. Elders would speak of it: the Qin dispatched scholar Xu Fu to prepare Men, Children, and women numbering several thousand to enter the ocean. They searched for Penglai Shenshan, and Xianyao [all heavenly lands], they stopped at these islands, but did not return. 世相承有數萬家,其上人民。時有至會稽貨布,會稽東縣人海行,亦有遭風流移至但洲者。所在絕遠,卒不可得至,但得夷洲數千人還。

In the 2nd month of the 3rd year [231], Master of Ceremonies Pan Jun was dispatched with 50,000 men on a punitive expedition against the Man barbarians of Wuling. Wei Wen and Zhuge Zhi under all cases violated the Imperial order. They were imprisoned then executed. In the summer the Silkworm completed its cocoon and it was great harvest. Youquan rice paddies were growing so they changed to grow wheat. General of the Gentleman of the Household Sun Bu pretended to surrender to entice Wei General Wang Ling. [Wang] Ling was to use his army to welcome him. In the 10th month, [Sun] Quan used his great army to hide in ambush Fuling to wait for him. [Wang] Ling found out and did not come. South of Kuaiji in Shiping there are reports of excellent grain. The reign year was then altered to Jia He [Excellent Grain].

In the 1st month of the 1st year of Jia He [232], the Marquis of Jianchang [Sun] Lu died. In the 3rd month general Zhou He and Colonel Pei Qian were dispatched to Liaodong. In the 9th month, Wei General Tian Yu attacked and beheaded [Zhou] He in Chengman. In the 10th month, Weis Grand Administer of Liaodong, Gongsun Yuan, dispatched Colonel Xiu Shu and Prefect of the Gentlemen of the Palace Sun Zong to Sun Quan. They furthermore offered him a Diaoma [Sable Horse]. [Sun] Quan was greatly pleased and set up [Gongsun] Yuan as nobility.

In the 1st month of the 2nd year [233], there was an Imperial Order to inspire the people. In the 3rd month, [Xiu] Shu and [Sun] Zong returned. Master of Ceremonies Zhang Mi, Bearer of the Gilded Mace Xu Yan, and general He Da to brought great precious jewels and metals and sail to [Gongsun] Yuan. He elected a chancellor. From himself Prime Minister [Gu] Yong admonished. He believed that [Gongsun] Yuan could not be trusted and that they should not pamper him. However [Sun] Quan ignored them and sent an escort of several hundred soldiers with [Xiu] Shu and [Sun] Zong. [Gongsun] Yuan beheaded [Zhang] Mi and presented his head to Wei. He killed his soldiers. Imperial Secretist Xue Zong admonished him and he thereupon stopped. Also that year, Sun Quan guided his troops towards He Fei and dispatched General Quan Qiong to attack Liuan. In all cases they could not prevail and returned.

In the 1st month of the 3rd year [234], there was an Imperial Order for the commanders to help make the soldiers happier. In the 4th month, [Sun] Quan dispatched Lu Xun and Zhuge Jin to station soldiers in JiangXia and Miankou; Sun Shao and Zhang Chen to guide towards Guangling and Huaiyang; and [Sun] Quan was to led a large force to besiege Xin Cheng in He Fei. At this time, Shus Zhuge Liang came out to Wugong. [Sun] Quan spoke of how Mingdi could not come out to such a remote location nor send troops to help Sima Yi repel [Zhuge] Liang. From himself he crossed the river to attack east. He could not reach Shouchun and thereupon returned. Sun Shao also stopped. In the 8th month, Zhuge Ke became the Grand Administer of Danyang and sent him on a punitive expedition against the Shanyue. In the 9th month, there was a meteor in Shuangshang valley. In the 11th month, Master of Ceremonies Pan Jun finished pacifying the Wuling Man barbarians and returned to Wuchang. There was an Imperial order for Qua to serve as Yunyang and Dantu to serve as Wujin. Luling bandits Li Huan and Lou Li caused calamity.

In the summer of the 4th year [235], Lu Dai was dispatched against [Li] Huan. In the 7th month, there was hail. Wei sent a messenger asking to trade horses for pearls, emeralds, and jade. [Sun] Quan said, Of these things we do not need them, however, horses we certainly do. Why bother with things of no use when one can make a trade?

In the spring of the 5th year [236], coins were cast into one big one that was worth 500. There was an Imperial Order prohibiting the creation of coins [privately]. In the 2nd month there were rumors in Wu Chang that Gan Lu surrendered. The General Who support Wu, Zhang Zhao died. General of the Gentleman of the Household Wu Can captured [Li] Huan and general Tang Zi captured [Lou] Li. In the 10th month there was no rain and it did not rain for the whole summer. There was also a comet seen in Dongfeng. Poyang Bandit Peng Dan acted to cause calamity.

In the 1st month of the 6th year [237], there was an Imperial Edict about the state of affairs. Prime Minister [Gu] Yong presented a memorial to the Great Lord. Later the prefect of Wu, Meng Zongs mother died and he rushed home to the funeral. When he returned to Wuchang he was sentenced to a punishment. Lu Xun expressed his feelings on the matter and talked to Sun Quan. [Sun] Quan thereupon diminished the punishment greatly. Later he did not consider this [punishment] to be right and thereupon got rid of it. In the 2nd month, Lu Xun went on a punitive expedition against Peng Dan. Within a year he was completely defeated. In the 10th month, General of the Guards Quan Cong was dispatched to attack Liuan. He could not prevail. Zhuge Ke completely pacified the Shanyue then stationed his troops in the north in Lu Jiang.

In the spring of the 1st year of Chi Wu [238], there were 1,000 large coins cast. In the summer, Lu Dai finished his punitive campaign on Luling and returned to Lukou. In the 8th month, there was a Unicorn spotted. There was a memorial presented that the unicorn represented peace and serenity and thus the reign year should be changed. There was an Imperial Order reading, There was a Red Crow seen in Dianqian. This supernatural event seems quite auspicious. The reign year shall be changed to Red Crow [Chi Wu] and the year will be the 1st. There was a memorial presented which read, In the past the King of Wu descended upon Zhou there was a Red Crow which was auspicious. The lords ministers follow him and the land under heaven. The sign looks to be very good.Thereupon the reign year was changed. Lady Bu died and [Sun Quan] presented a memorial to the Empress. At first [Sun] Quan had trust in Xiao Shi Lu Yi. [Lu] Yis nature was strict and cruel and very deep going. Heir Apparent [Sun] Deng frequently admonished him but [Sun] Quan did not accept. Of the ministers, there are none who dared speak up. Later [Lu] Yi was found to be a traitor and was executed. [Sun] Quan took the blame for himself. He thereupon sent a messenger to Yuan Li for him to thank the various general [who had stood up and pointed out Lu Yis crimes] and to give him a report of the current events and profits and decrees. [Yuan] Li returned and there was an Imperial Order to reproach Zhuge Jin, Bu Zhi, Zhu Ran, and Lu Dai.

In the 3rd month of the 2nd year [239], Yang Dao, Zheng Zhou, and Sun Yi were dispatched as envoys to Liaodong. They attacked Weis defending Generals Zhang Chi and Gao Lu. They took their people captive. In Lingling there were rumors that Gan Lu surrendered. In the 10th month, General Jiang Mi asked to go on a punitive expedition to the south against the Barbarians. In actuality he received the Chief Controller Liao Shi and killed the Grand Administrator of LinHe, Yan Gang. He called himself the General Who Pacifies the South and together with his younger brother [Jiang] Qian attacked Lingling, Guiyang, and cause disturbance in Jiaozhou, Cangwu, Yulin, and various other commandaries. His forces number several tens of thousands. [Sun Quan] dispatched Lu Dai and Tang Zi on a punitive expedition against him. It took over a year to defeat him.

In the 1st month of the 3rd year [240], there was an Imperial Order telling the generals that the people needed to be protected against bandits and raids. In the 4th month there was grand amnesty. Then according to the order, many counties fixed their city walls, built up towers, and dug moat to prepare against bandits. In the 11th month, the people were hungry so there was an Imperial order to distribute food from the government supply to relieve the impoverished.

In the 1st month of the 4th year [241], there was a great snow that covered the ground with 3 feet of snow. More than half of the people of Niaoshou died. In the 4th month, General of the Guards, Quan Cong, was dispatched to attack Huainan. He breached Shaopi and burned An Citys houses and hall. He received the people. General Who Dominates the North, Zhuge Ke, attacked Liuan. [Quan] Cong did battle with Wei general Wang Lin in Shaopi. General Qin Huang died in battle. General of the Chariots and Cavalry Zhu Ran surrounded Fan and General-in-Chief Zhuge Jin took Zhazhong. In the 5th month, Heir Apparent [Sun] Deng died. In that month, the Wei Grand Tutor Sima (Xuan?) assisted Fan. In the 6th month, the army withdrew. In the intercalary month, the General-in-Chief [Zhuge] Jin died.

In the 1st month of the 5th year [242], [Sun Quan] set up his son [Sun] He to serve as the Heir Apparent and there was Grand Amnesty. Hexing was renamed Jiaxing [to avoid a place having the same character and name as the Heir Apparent]. Officals presented a plan to set up an Empress and 4 princes. There was an Imperial Order saying, At the present the land his not yet conquered. The people have toiled and are tired. Furthermore there are people with great merit that is not recorded. The hungry and cold still esteem but do not receive pity. The humble split their lands to use for the younger generation. Corrupt nobles are pampered with Concubines and they do not help. This needs to be explained and discussed.In the 3rd month there was a sighting of the Yellow Dragon in Haiyan. In the 4th month, advancement was halted and the meals of great officials were decreased. In the 7th month, general Nie You and Colonel Lu Kai were dispatched with 30,000 troops on a punitive expedition against Zhu Yai and Dan Er. That year there was a great plague. There was a memorial presented to the various Princes. [Sun Quan] set up his son [Sun] Ba as Prince of Lu.

In the 1st month of the 6th year [243], there was a sighting of a White Tiger in Xindu. Zhuge Ke attacked Liuan. He routed Weis general Xie Shuns camp and took his people. In the 11th month the Prime Minister Gu Yong died. In the 12th month, the King of Funan, Fan Zhan, sent envoys to give people and tribute to Wu. In the 12th month, Sima Yi led his army to enter Shu. Zhuge Ke from Wan moved to Chaisang.

In the 1st month of the 7th year [244], the Grand General-in-Chief Lu Xun became Prime Minister. Autumn, there was excellent wheat grown in Wanling. That year, Bu Zhi and Zhu Ran said, From Shu, there is desire to create an pledge of loyalty to go against Wei. Many regard the navy and wish to use it on the border. Once again Jiang Wan guards Han Zhong. It is rumored that Sima Yi has turned his attention south and as expected the soldiers lose moral and drag on. Instead he entrusts Han Zhong [to others] and returns closer to Chang Du. The matter is important and it would be suitable to prepare for it. [Sun] Quan thought otherwise, My deal with Shu is not meager and I will keep my alliance, but we will not carry them. How could we do this? Earlier Sima Yi came to enter Shu. After 10 days he retreated. Shu is 10,000 li away, are you aware of the time it would take to send troops? Earlier Wei desired to enter the Han region, and this was a serious situation, but they did not make a move. It could happen that again we hear that Wei stopped. Would Shu rather have this happen and suspect us of evil? How can they obtain our defenses and navy? At the present they have their own army, wouldnt they rather use it to defend Shu? People may speak bitterly but they cannot see, we all act to fight for our home and defend us.Shu struggled themselves but did not seek [help], and thus it was as [Sun] Quan devised.

In the 2nd month of the 8th year [245], Prime Minister Lu Xun died. In summer, lightning struck a Palace pillar and again it stuck the Great Pillar of the Nanjin Bridge. The Chalings Hong River overflowed and the homes of 200 people were washed away. In the 7th month, general Ma Mao planned to rebel [was found out] and three generations of his clan were exterminated. In the 8th month there was grand amnesty. [Sun Quan] dispatched Colonel Chen Xun and General Tian Ji to make soldiers chisel out a road from Xiaoqi to Yunyang, a city in the west.

In the 2nd month of the 9th year [246], General of the Chariots and Cavalry Zhu Ran attacked Weis Zhazhong and captured and beheaded 1,000 men. In the 4th month, it was rumored in Wu Chang that Gan Lu surrendered. In the 9th month, General of the Flying Cavalry, Bu Zhi, was made Prime Minister. General of the Chariots and Cavalry Zhu Ran became the Left Commander-in-Chief and General of the Guards Quan Cong became the Right Commander-in-Chief. General Who Conquers the South Lu Dai was made Grand General-in-Chief. General Who Dominates the North, Zhuge Ke, was made General-in-Chief.

In the 1st month of the 10th year [247], Right Commander-in-Chief, Quan Cong, died. In the 2nd month, [Sun] Quan moved to the Southern Palace. In the 3rd month the Grand Palace was altered. Many came to the region and worked on it. In the 5th month, Prime Minister, Bu Zhi, died. In the 10th month, the crimes of the dead were pardoned.

In the 1st month of the 11th year [248], Zhu Ran fixed the city walls at Jiangling. In the 2nd month, there was an Earthquake. In the 3rd month, the Palace was finished. In the 4th month it rained and hailed. In Yunyang the Yellow Dragon was spotted. In the 5th month, a White Tiger was caught in Poyang. There was an Imperial Order to not catch anymore white tigers.

In the 3rd month of the 12th year [249], Left Commadner-in-chief Zhu Ran died. In the 4th month, bingyin, General of the Flying Cavalry Zhu Ju became Prime Minister and offered sacrifice.

In the 5th month of the 13th year [250], Ying Huo entered Nandou. In the 7th month, two comets were spotted in the East. In the 8th month, Danyang, Jurong, Guzhang, and Ningguo all had chaos when the Hong river overflowed. There was an Imperial Order to find who was to blame and food and agriculture programs were started to help. Heir Apparent [Sun] He was dismissed and he went to reside in Guzhang. The Prince of Lu, [Sun] Be was ordered to commit Suicide. In the 10th month, Wei general Wen Qin pretended to rebel to entice Zhu Yi. [Sun] Quan dispatched Lu Ju to approach [Zhu] Yi and welcome [Wen] Qin. [Zhu] Yi waited for a long time but [Wen] Qin did not show up. In the 11th month, [Sun Quan] set up his son [Sun] Liang to serve as Heir Apparent. [Sun Quan] dispatched an army of 10,000 to make a pond in Tang City to submerge the northern road. In the 12th month, Weis General-in-Chief, Wang Chang, besieged Nanjun and the Inspector of Jingzhou Wang Ju came out to attack him at Xiling. He dispatched generals Dai Lie and Lu Kai to go forward to resist him. In all cases the enemy was pushed back. Also that year, holy people sent a letter saying that the reign year should be changed. Later it was.

In the 5th month of the 1st year of Taiyuan [251], he set up Lady Pan as Empress and gave a General Amnesty. He also changed the year. In the 8th month there was a great wind. The Jiang River overflowed and the water was 8 feet off the ground. In Wus Gaoling the trees were pulled out of the ground in the southern districts the city gates flew open. In the 11th month [Sun Quan] offered sacrifice. He developed and illness. In the 12th month, Zhuge Ke was set up as the Grand Tutor to the Heir Apparent. There was an Imperial Order to be frugal on service expenses, to lower the taxes, and to help the needy.

In the 1st month of the 2nd year [252], he set the heir apparent [Sun] He to serve as Prince of Nanyang and reside in Changsha. His son [Sun] Fen was to serve as Prince of Qi and reside in Wu Chang. His son [Sun] Xiu was to serve as Prince of Langhua Xie and reside in Hulin. In the 2nd month, he altered the reign year to become Shen Feng. Empress Pan died. Many generals and officials frequently went to Wang Biao to ask for good fortune. [Wang] Biao died and they left. In the 4th month, [Sun] Quan died at age 71 and was granted the posthumous title of Da Huang Di. In the 7th month, he was buried in Jiang Ling.
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Re: Sun Quan's biography from Sanguozhi.

Unread postby James » Mon Feb 06, 2012 7:36 pm

Thanks, Anthony. Does anyone remember who published this translation? Was it one of Empire Divided's?
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Re: Sun Quan's biography from Sanguozhi.

Unread postby Anthony_Yang » Mon Feb 06, 2012 9:20 pm

James wrote:Thanks, Anthony. Does anyone remember who published this translation? Was it one of Empire Divided's?


Of course, It's from Empire Divided.
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Re: Sun Quan's biography from Sanguozhi.

Unread postby Jordan » Tue Feb 07, 2012 12:50 pm

The document I saved states:

Translated and Commented on by Jon Bartlett


I've had this for awhile, as well as a lot of their others too.
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Re: Sun Quan's biography from Sanguozhi.

Unread postby Anthony_Yang » Tue Feb 07, 2012 4:45 pm

Jordan wrote:The document I saved states:

Translated and Commented on by Jon Bartlett


I've had this for awhile, as well as a lot of their others too.


Please share the English translation of others which had been lost with the expiration link.
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Re: Sun Quan's biography from Sanguozhi.

Unread postby Yang Dayang » Wed Feb 08, 2012 12:17 am

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Re: Sun Quan's biography from Sanguozhi.

Unread postby Liu Yuante » Wed Feb 08, 2012 6:26 am

Is Sun Quan's bio really that short?

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Re: Sun Quan's biography from Sanguozhi.

Unread postby Anthony_Yang » Wed Feb 08, 2012 2:41 pm

Yang Dayang wrote:http://the-scholars.com/viewtopic.php?p=528298#p528298


Thank you in advance.
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Re: Sun Quan's biography from Sanguozhi.

Unread postby Jordan » Wed Feb 08, 2012 6:14 pm

To be honest, I think I got them by using the "Internet Wayback Machine." After going through several computers, I lost a lot of information. Good thing for that archive though.

http://www.archive.org/web/web.php
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