Cao Zhi wrote:Who exactly was Zhang Jiao (Jue)?
The novel makes him out to be the leader of a religious group who healed the sick, practiced magic, and attempted to violently overthrow the Han. A history book that I have read (A History of Chinese Civilization by Jacques Gernet) says that the leader of the Yellow Turbans was a "talented propagandist and healer..." The Way of Peace was one which preached the common owndership of goods, the public confession of sins, and the religious origin of diseases. (The Way of Peace seems very similar to early Christianity in some of these regards.) In the Yellow Turban-controlled lands, "...free storehouses were established for travellers, roads were maintained as a labour with expiatory value. Moreover, private property seems to have been abolished." (pg. 155-6)
Can any of you shed some light on this interesting man? And, did any copies of the Way of Peace survive to the modern day?
Zhou Gongjin wrote:Most of the historical information about the Yellow Turbans is found in Hou Han Shu.
Zhou Gongjin wrote:The actual rebellion wasn't that impressive. Compared to the Imperial Armies, the YT rebels were just a rag-tag bunch of mobs that thought with everything they had.
Zhou Gongjin wrote:Before that, there were numerous rebellions in the Han Empire. In the south there was Xu Chang who rebelled when Sun Jian was younger, and in the North, near Luoyang, there were rebellions from the non-chinese.
Zhou Gongjin wrote:I would say that the YT rebellion didn't really mark the end of the Han like most historians say, but I think the combination of rebellion and the death of Emperor Ling caused the end of the Han. With Emperor Ling gone, and rivalling factions in the court, it was only a matter of time before something would happen.
Zhou Gongjin wrote:San Guo Yan Yi, being the glorification of Han Chinese pride, makes the rebels look extra bad and terrible. This is common in history though, so we shouldn't read much into it.
Great Deer wrote:May I know specifically where you derive this information?
Great Deer wrote:Maybe you'd like to state why you think this is not impressive.
Great Deer wrote:Please state your references if you can Jon so that we know where to look out for these facts. Thanks.
Great Deer wrote:Well, the end of Han dynasty was certainly due to a variety of factors (e.g. corrupted government, natural disasters, lousy leadership, etc). However, IMO, I would consider the Yellow Turban Rebellion to be its primary catalyst. It pretty much negated the aura of fear and awe towards the control by the central government as well as dampened its prestige. To oppportunistic people (like those potential warlords), the initial success of the Yellow Turban rebellions and the poor performance of the central government presented to them clearly the weaknesses of the Han government. Hence, to a large extent, the Yellow Turban Rebellion signified the end of Eastern Han dynasty. A point to note is that when I'm talking about the Yellow Turban Rebellion, I'm refering to the pioneers (comprised of genuinely frustrated common folks who were oppressed by the government) and not to those subsequent disorganized, opportunistic bunch who were nothing better than bandits.
Great Deer wrote:Well, just a sidenote. If you care to read contemporary Chinese literature (esp. those written during the Mao era), you may find that these Yellow Turban rebels were held in rather high regards since it signified the will of the common people.
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