Tarrot wrote:Not sure if this deserves its own topic or not, but I felt this would be easier to get a response about. Pretty much, I'm curious about Ma Chao's historical invasion of Chang'An, and leading up to the battle of Tong Pass. I'm aware that Tong Pass is to the east of Chang'An, and that Ma Chao would've probably taken Chang'An in the process of advancing on Tong Pass. I'm just wondering how this played out historically. Like, did it occur as it did in the novel, was Chang'An just left undefended, or what? The SGZ bios don't mention much of his taking of Chang'An, so I'm curious as to what happened.
Well if we are going by the wording of SGZ it would imply that Ma Chao simply bypassed Chang An and took Chang An. Chang An was probably the most heavily fortified city within the Han empire which would mean two things if he did take it. First it would require some sort of siege as SGZ mentions that troops were being massed in Chang An which was the reason why Ma Chao invaded in the first place. (Ma Chao and the leaders of Guanzhong thought that Cao Cao was going to attack them) If Ma Chao did take the city it makes you wonder why didn't he simply retreat to Chang An after being defeated at Tong gate? Surely it would be the perfect place to retreat to, even with a large army it would be quite difficult for Cao Cao to retake the city from Ma Chao. The fact that nothing is mentioned about Ma Chao taking the city and the fact that he didn't bother retreating to the most defensible location in the entire land implies that he never captured the city.
If this is true one has to ask what the hell were the troops in Chang An doing during this time? Perhaps Ma Chao left a force surrounding the city so the troops couldn't leave?
It is simple to assume that he simply took the city and abandoned it after his defeat which doesn't make much sense. Personally i think that he did take the city and then it was taken back but it was left out in the final history to make Ma Chao look worse and Wei look better. It makes no sense for him to be able to station his troops at Tong while having a huge army at his back.
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