Sun Hao comes off worse in comparision. Liu Chan was born into luxary and after Fei Yi died, he seemed to retire into a life of plesure and allowed Shu to plunge into corruption. I don't think Liu Chan wanted the people to be hurt by his actions but Shu was to small and running of talent to afford Liu Chan's offhandishness
I dont want to say that Sun Haowas better than Liu Shan but at least Sun Hao fight till the end. Wu became worst in both domestic and militery under Sun Hao because of internal affair among Sun clan which was triggered by Sun Chen and Sun Jun. It just like the ancient Macedonian-Greece and Roman empires was ruined soon because of the death of their great leader and their heirs just killing each other. In Shu, there was no one who intend to dethhrone Liu Shan but still his country became poor and weak. Who has to blamed? Liu Shan as the leader
. His surrendering to Jin can't cover his own mistakes, otherwise it shown what a coward man he was. He couldn't bearly to take responsible and risk as a leader to became punished in jail or even executed. He just want to continue his luxury lifestyle and ignored everything. In this case I should say that Sun Hao is better than this damned man.
As to Jiang Wei, I doubt Liu Chan thought much of Jiang Wei and I doubt he belived that Jiang could win in his attacks. Maybe Chan doubted the loyalty of a man who so readily defected to Shu?
How can you say one as a good leader if you doubted your suboordinate?
If you as a leader don't believe that your subordinate can't acccomplish a task, then he ratherly cant because you won't to take risk to support him in your maximum ability cause you affraid to lost more. Under Zhuge Liang, Jiang Wei has proved himself as a capable and loyal officer. It's not a reason that Jiang Wei was a deffected officer or not, we all know that Gan Ning, Thaishi Ci, Pang De, Zhang He, etc, etc were also deffected officers. But they as Jiang Wei has determined to whom their loyalty for. And their formed ruler treated them as they were.
Was Liu Chan stupid?
Indeed. He became idiot because something hit his head when his father throwed him to ground after was saved by Zhao Yun in Chang Ban.
I don't belive so, after all he personally saw that work was done to see Zhuge Liang got supplies, he dealt with the Wei Yan/Yang Yi revolt well comptently, he exiled Li Yan and listned to advice when he surrendered to Wei. He also managed to survive in Jin by being careful what he said
It's up to you if you want to say that this idiot was a smart one.
He was a fool and a coward, that's all I think on him. His surrendering proved all of it.
Wasn't that Ma Dai who dealt with Wei Yan by ZL's secret instruction before ZL death?
Was he right in surrendering? Well Wu wasn't as strong as before, Shu's talent seemed to have dried up and even if Wei fell back, they could defend Han Zhong till they attacked again. Even if Wei was chased out of Han Zhong, Shu need an overhual to survive, during which the people would suffer with no guarnetee that the reforms would take affect in time
There is noway to excused his surendering. Agreed, Wu was not as strong as before, I told you why but they still fighted. We can't predict what happen if Shu refused to surrender cause it didn't happen at all, right?
Coward? If we look at Sima Yi's 5 basics advice:
1) fight: Liu Chan sent out the Zhuge Zhan and despite intial success, the Shu army was destroyed. Jiang Wei was locked in battle so he had no commanders
2) defend: Liu Shan had no expirenced commander left to oversee the defences which had been neglected. Moral would be low
3) flee: Where to flee? As Qiao Zhao said, Wu would fall and the Nanman would hardly welcome Liu Chan with open arms
4) surrender: well he managed it and Shu was under secure rule while Liu Chan lived life of luxary. Most parties come home happy
I'm not claiming Liu Chan was ever going to be brilliant and he was very lazy a ruler but I don't agree with stupid and coward
1)Fight: we dont know what would happen, but at least Wei/Jin would still in difficult time by fighting both Shu and Wei.
2)Defend: All force/country should have its own deffence system. How you can say that there was noone left in defend while only Jiang Wei who went to attack? Do you want to say that Shu just only have Jiang Wei and Liu Chan left?
3)Flee: Why should he flee while he still could attack and defense?
4)Surrender: The most idiot and coward choice.